This article studies John Locke’s perception of private property as the ultimate enabler of freedom and democracy; an idea which defined the future course of Western democracy. How relevant is this idea today in the context of modern capitalism? Could a democratic society exist without this notion of property rights?
Who is worthy of governing? When should authority be questioned and obeyed? Is concentrated power destined to be corrupted? This article utilizes the work of Thomas Hobbes, specifically Leviathan (1651), to explore these questions and more.
Among the first challenges of the new republic was balancing democracy and authority; an issue which continues to shape American politics today. James Madison, fearing an “excess of democracy”, proposed a system of modest popular participation alongside a clearly defined ruling class.
Here, I summarize the crucial chapters of Wiesner-Hanks’ A History of World Societies (2018). By understanding humanity’s first steps towards modern civilization, we can acquire context to contemporary society and better realize our collective successes and failures.
Does our species naturally long for work? Would modern workers continue their labor if they lacked the incentive of capital? Through the contemplation of work and leisure, this passage explores the nature of labor, exploitation, and fulfillment.