This article studies John Locke’s perception of private property as the ultimate enabler of freedom and democracy; an idea which defined the future course of Western democracy. How relevant is this idea today in the context of modern capitalism? Could a democratic society exist without this notion of property rights?
Among the first challenges of the new republic was balancing democracy and authority; an issue which continues to shape American politics today. James Madison, fearing an “excess of democracy”, proposed a system of modest popular participation alongside a clearly defined ruling class.
By studying a detailed blueprint of an anarchist society, as found in Diego Abad de Santillan’s After the Revolution (1937), we can better understand the ideology of anarcho-syndicalism; the problems which it seeks to address and its proposals for collective governing.
By utilizing primary sources of two influential socialist uprisings (The Paris Commune of 1871 and Revolutionary Catalonia in 1936) in conjunction with the ideas of philosophers Peter Kropotkin and George Orwell, this article explores the revolutionary values and objectives of collectivist anarchism.
“From the development of the welfare state in America to the fascist uprisings of Europe and the communist revolutions throughout the East; nearly every inch of the globe witnessed an ideological revolution, each advancing the government’s role in a nation’s society and economy – for better or worse.”
Over 200 years after his birth, this article reflects on the challenges which Marx predicted would curse the future of capitalism – and why such predictions have or haven’t come true. In the process, we shall hopefully begin to understand not only the intricate mind of Karl Marx but the strengths and weaknesses of capitalism itself.