Methods to balance democracy and authority were among the first debates of American politics. James Madison proposed a system of modest popular participation alongside a clearly defined ruling class. The numerous obstacles to popular participation in the modern American government reflect Madison’s fear of pure democracy. This passage deliberates the nature of democracy and authority to understand these mechanisms and assess their moral validity.
This article explores the revolutionary values and objectives of anarcho-syndicalism by utilizing primary sources of two influential socialist uprisings (The Paris Commune of 1871 and Revolutionary Catalonia in 1936) in conjunction with the ideas of philosophers Diego Abad de Santillan, Peter Kropotkin, and George Orwell.
Over 200 years after his birth, this article reflects on the challenges that Marx predicted would curse the future of capitalism – and why such predictions have or haven’t come true. In the process, we begin to understand not only the intricate mind of Karl Marx but the strengths and weaknesses of capitalism itself.