Does our species naturally long for work? Would modern workers continue their labor if they lacked the incentive of capital? Through the contemplation of work and leisure, this passage explores the nature of labor, exploitation, and fulfillment.
“From the development of the welfare state in America to the fascist uprisings of Europe and the communist revolutions throughout the East; nearly every inch of the globe witnessed an ideological revolution, each advancing the government’s role in a nation’s society and economy – for better or worse.”
This article briefly explores Max Weber’s famous work ‘The Protestant Work Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism’ (1905), which describes the immense influence of rationalized religious beliefs (specifically those which arose from the Protestant Reformation) in creating the social conditions necessary for modern capitalism to develop.
Over 200 years after his birth, this article reflects on the challenges which Marx predicted would curse the future of capitalism – and why such predictions have or haven’t come true. In the process, we shall hopefully begin to understand not only the intricate mind of Karl Marx but the strengths and weaknesses of capitalism itself.