What moral obligations do businesses have to the environment? What responsibility does the government have to regulate the balance between social and market costs? This essay explores social responsibility and environmental ethics through the analysis of Pigouvian taxation, specifically in the context of a tax on carbon emissions in Massachusetts.
This paper defends my utilitarian perspective of moral standing and moral duties. I argue that the ultimate criterion for moral standing is the ability to experience pain since it is the only element that is intrinsically bad. Moral agents have a responsibility to minimize the average amount of pain experienced by all sentient beings.