Understanding the Pentagon: Intent, Construction, and Development

Understanding the Pentagon: Intent, Construction, and Development

Adjusted for inflation, The United States defense budget has multiplied by sixty over the last century. This article reflects on the development of the Department of Defense and the early impacts of America’s permanent wartime economy.  

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Would Enlightenment Philosophers Endorse Modern Capitalism?

Would Enlightenment Philosophers Endorse Modern Capitalism?

Considering the past three centuries of economic development, how would Enlightenment philosophers critique modern capitalism? Has the West’s economic structure developed as they hoped? Would they approve of modern state-capitalism? These questions are crucial to uncovering the current applicability of Enlightenment ideals. 

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Studying the Historical Communes of Paris and Barcelona

Studying the Historical Communes of Paris and Barcelona

By utilizing primary sources of two influential socialist uprisings (The Paris Commune of 1871 and Revolutionary Catalonia in 1936) in conjunction with the ideas of philosophers Peter Kropotkin and George Orwell, this article explores the revolutionary values and objectives of collectivist anarchism.

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