This paper analyzes historical disagreements among utilitarians, specifically regarding justice and political theory. Utilitarians hold varying perspectives on the existence of universal rules that maximize utility, and whether total or average utility should be maximized. After reviewing centuries of discourse, this paper defends the author’s thoughts on utilitarianism.
What moral obligations do businesses have to the environment? What responsibility does the government have to regulate the balance between social and market costs? This essay explores social responsibility and environmental ethics through the analysis of Pigouvian taxation, specifically in the context of a tax on carbon emissions in Massachusetts.
This paper analyzes the historical significance of John Locke’s political philosophy, specifically regarding the American Revolution. The historical analysis of absolutism, natural rights, and political philosophy is vital to understanding the modern context of these concepts and their reflections in contemporary governments.