This article studies John Locke’s perception of private property as the ultimate enabler of freedom and democracy; an idea which defined the future course of Western democracy. How relevant is this idea today in the context of modern capitalism? Could a democratic society exist without this notion of property rights?
Who is worthy of governing? When should authority be questioned and obeyed? Is concentrated power destined to be corrupted? This article utilizes the work of Thomas Hobbes, specifically Leviathan (1651), to explore these questions and more.
Among the first challenges of the new republic was balancing democracy and authority; an issue which continues to shape American politics today. James Madison, fearing an “excess of democracy”, proposed a system of modest popular participation alongside a clearly defined ruling class.
Does our species naturally long for work? Would modern workers continue their labor if they lacked the incentive of capital? Through the contemplation of work and leisure, this passage explores the nature of labor, exploitation, and fulfillment.
By studying a detailed blueprint of an anarchist society, as found in Diego Abad de Santillan’s After the Revolution (1937), we can better understand the ideology of anarcho-syndicalism; the problems which it seeks to address and its proposals for collective governing.
“From the development of the welfare state in America to the fascist uprisings of Europe and the communist revolutions throughout the East; nearly every inch of the globe witnessed an ideological revolution, each advancing the government’s role in a nation’s society and economy – for better or worse.”