This article reflects on the development of the Department of Defense and the military-industrial complex, alongside the impacts of America’s permanent wartime economy throughout the twentieth century. This essay then examines the prospects of transitioning focus to federal social spending, alongside the social, political, and economic ramifications of such reform.
Methods to balance democracy and authority were among the first debates of American politics. James Madison proposed a system of modest popular participation alongside a clearly defined ruling class. The numerous obstacles to popular participation in the modern American government reflect Madison’s fear of pure democracy. This passage deliberates the nature of democracy and authority to understand these mechanisms and assess their moral validity.
This article analyzes the perspective and values of Howard Zinn, specifically in his acclaimed work, A People’s History of the United States (1980). By studying his narrative of American history, we can learn more about the process of studying “history from below” in a nation plagued with clashing histories and narratives.