Deliberating Ethical Utility Distribution in a Populous Society

Deliberating Ethical Utility Distribution in a Populous Society

This paper addresses the mere addition paradox, as outlined in Derek Parfit’s Reasons and Persons (1984). The predicament centers around the fallacious “Repugnant Conclusion” that prevents utilitarian social theorists from discovering a consistent theory of utility distribution. After reviewing how philosophers arrive at the Repugnant Conclusion, this article explores the logical methods to interpret Parfit’s work and the central dilemmas of population ethics.

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Dilemmas of Utilitarianism

Dilemmas of Utilitarianism

This paper analyzes historical disagreements among utilitarians, specifically regarding justice and political theory. Utilitarians hold varying perspectives on the existence of universal rules that maximize utility, and whether total or average utility should be maximized. After reviewing centuries of discourse, this paper defends the author’s thoughts on utilitarianism.

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A Critique of Kantian Moral Philosophy

A Critique of Kantian Moral Philosophy

This paper is a utilitarian critique of Kant’s categorical imperatives. I maintain that constants exist in consequences (such as happiness and pain), but not in moral actions. Therefore, Kant’s emphasis on intent and universalizability disregards consequences and the complexity of situations in favor of rigid and impossible moral laws.

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My Ethical Position Regarding Non-Human Life

My Ethical Position Regarding Non-Human Life

This paper defends my utilitarian perspective of moral standing and moral duties. I argue that the ultimate criterion for moral standing is the ability to experience pain since it is the only element that is intrinsically bad. Moral agents have a responsibility to minimize the average amount of pain experienced by all sentient beings.

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